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Automatic Reconstruction of Building Objects From Multiaspect Meter-Resolution SAR Images

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2 Author(s)
Feng Xu ; Fudan Univ., Shanghai ; Ya-Qiu Jin

Reconstruction of 3-D objects from multiaspect high- resolution synthetic aperture radar (SAR) images is of great importance for SAR technology applications. In this paper, simple building objects are modeled as cuboids, and an approach for automatic reconstruction of 3-D building objects from multiaspect SAR images in meter resolution is developed. The edge detector of constant false alarm rate and a Hough transform technique for parallel line segment pairs are first employed to extract the parallelogram-like image of the building walls in SAR images. A set of probability density functions is presented to describe the object images and their multiaspect coherence. The maximum-likelihood estimation of an object is then derived from its multiaspect object images. A hybrid priority criterion is defined to evaluate the reliability of the reconstruction result. An automatic reconstruction algorithm is further developed to match object images of different aspects and, finally, to reconstruct the building objects. Besides, an iterative method is proposed for the coregistration of multiaspect building images. Four-aspect simulated images of a virtual scene and four-aspect Pi-SAR images over the campus of Tohoku University, Japan, are investigated. Reconstruction of building objects from their multiaspect images shows the fidelity of the whole process chain and the feasibility of 3-D objects automatic reconstruction from multiaspect SAR images. At last, a practical application that is based on spaceborne meter-resolution SAR is proposed.

Published in:

Geoscience and Remote Sensing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:45 ,  Issue: 7 )