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Maximum-Likelihood Retrieval of Modeled Convective Rainfall Patterns from Midlatitude C-Band Weather Radar Data

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2 Author(s)
Mario Montopoli ; Univ. of L'Aquila, L'Aquila ; Frank Silvio Marzano

A spatial characterization of the midlatitude meso- scale rain fields from C-band radar measurements is performed by means of a systematic analysis and modeling of convective rain-cell bidimensional shapes and spatial correlation. A large rainfall dataset that is derived from an operational C-band dual-polarized radar, which is placed in S. Pietro Capoflume near Bologna (Italy), has been collected and analyzed for this purpose. Different models of convective rainy horizontal structures are described and compared. Special attention is devoted to the consolidated unimodal models (or unimodal patterns) like Gaucell with a Gaussian rain-rate profile and Excell with an exponential rain-rate profile, and the hybrid models like Hycell and Dexcell based on a proper combination of the previous unimodal models. The new hybrid model Dexell, which is introduced here, is an extension of the Hycell model, which is previously proposed in literature. A pixel-by-pixel model numerical integration is carried out in order to perform a homogeneous comparison between the rain-cell model and the measured features such as peak, average, root mean square, gradient average, and gradient deviation of rain rate. A maximum-likelihood algorithm, which is expressed in terms of the principal component of the previous rain-cell features, is introduced to estimate rain-cell pattern parameters from the available radar data. A detailed sensitivity analysis, which is devoted to find the best behavior in terms of root-mean-square error and correlation coefficient between the modeled and measured rain-cell features, is finally carried out.

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing  (Volume:45 ,  Issue: 7 )