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The Helsinki University of Technology's airborne fully polarimetric profiling radiometer at 36.5 GHz has been used for wind-vector measurements over the Gulf of Finland. The results, collected in a series of measurements over a period of two years, are presented in this paper. The Fourier coefficients of the harmonics of the first three modified Stokes parameters (in brightness temperature) have been solved, and their behavior as a function of the measurement incidence angle and the wind speed has been examined, resulting in a linear model in the measurement range. In this paper, we show a clear relationship between the incidence angle and the third modified Stokes parameter (in brightness temperature), which has been used to compensate for aircraft motion during measurements. Furthermore, the sensitivity of the wind-speed measurement to the incidence angle has been studied, and a model for wind-speed retrieval as a function of the harmonic coefficients and incidence angle was developed.
Geoscience and Remote Sensing, IEEE Transactions on (Volume:45 , Issue: 7 )
Date of Publication: July 2007