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AlGaAs ridge single-quantum-well graded-index separate confinement heterostructure (SQW GRIN-SCH) lasers with typical threshold currents of 9 mA and differential quantum efficiencies between 80% and 85% for 0.4 mm-long cavities have been fabricated with molecular beam epitaxy. Continuous-wave light output increases linearly with the drive current up to approximately 15 times the threshold current. The lasers fail catastrophically at power levels between 65 mW/facet and 85 mW/facet, corresponding to power densities between 2.6 MW/cm2 and 3.4 MW/cm2.
Date of Publication: September 25 1986