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Many application-specific wireless sensor network (WSN) systems require small size and low power features due to their limited resources, and their use in distributed, wireless environments. In this paper, we present a light-weight distributed algorithm for line-crossing recognition, together with its analysis, implementation, and experimental evaluation within a prototype wireless sensor network platform. The algorithm is developed in conjunction with a TDMA-based communication protocol such that the proposed system provides for low duty cycle and energy efficient operation. An accurate lifetime model is proposed with consideration of detailed energy usage to analyze and estimate the system lifetime. Our experimental results demonstrate the accuracy of this lifetime model, and its utility in optimizing network implementation. The design and experimental evaluation of our prototype network demonstrates the compactness and functionality of the proposed distributed WSN system for line-crossing recognition.
Date of Conference: 27-30 May 2007