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The Role of C-band Dual Polarization Radars for GPM Ground Validation

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3 Author(s)
Gorgucci, E. ; Ist. di Sci. dell''Atmosfera e del Clima Consiglio Naz. delle Ric. Rome, Rome ; Baldini, L. ; Chandrasekar, V.

Dual polarization weather radars have brought in significant advancement to precipitation observation, as rainfall rate estimation, microphysical characterization, and hydrometeor classification. The improvements have been mostly demonstrated at S-band frequency where attenuation effects are usually negligible. In Europe C-band is largely adopted in operational and research radars because of larger differential phase measurements, reduced antenna size and an overall lower cost with respect to that of S-band systems. The major disadvantage is that the signal attenuation is not negligible. In the context of GPM Ground Validation, techniques to compensate the reflectivity measurements for propagation effects are thus necessary to obtain GV products from ground-based C-band radars. The attenuation correction methodology using differential phase shift as constraint has shown a good performance. One of the advantages of polarimetric radar measurements is their self-consistency. Starting from the initial guess of attenuation correction provided by the rain profiling algorithm, self-consistency is used in an iterative technique to improve the accuracy of attenuation correction at C-band. The obtained accuracy is evaluated in terms of bias and standard error using C-band profiles generated from S-band dual polarization observations.

Published in:

Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, 2006. IGARSS 2006. IEEE International Conference on

Date of Conference:

July 31 2006-Aug. 4 2006