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We consider the problem of event-related desynchronization (ERD) estimation. In existing approaches, model parameters are usually found manually through experimentation, a tedious task that often leads to suboptimal estimates. We propose an expectation-maximization (EM) algorithm for model parameter estimation that is fully automatic and gives optimal estimates. Further, we apply a Kalman smoother to obtain ERD estimates. Results show that the EM algorithm significantly improves the performance of the Kalman smoother. Application of the proposed approach to the motor-imagery EEG data shows that useful ERD patterns can be obtained even without careful selection of frequency bands.
Date of Publication: July 2007