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Extended Kalman filter (EKF) has been widely accepted as an important tool in the state estimation of nonlinear systems. However, defects of EKF such as biased estimation, computational complexity and inefficacy when analytical derivatives (Jacobians or Hessians) can not be calculated also affect its application in many fields. In this paper, unscented Kalman filter (UKF) was employed as an alternative to estimate the vehicle velocity and wheel angular speed of the anti-lock braking system (ABS). Simulation results show that the UKF can provide more accurate and efficient performance than the EKF for the state estimation.
Date of Conference: 13-15 Dec. 2006