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One-way authentication methods and techniques have provided the authentication service in ubiquitous environments with nomadic users almost exclusively. However, research in smart cards has allowed the implementation of solutions based on mutual remote authentication. There have been many works based on solutions that used lightweight password-based authentication, but these works have been continuously rejected due to the weaknesses of those proposals. This work carries out a review on advances on password-based remote mutual authentication with smart cards and identifies design deficiencies in these authentication protocols. To conclude, we propose a novel and realistic approach that permits the definition of a set of requirements for the password-based remote mutual authentication schemes in order to improve the effectiveness of the resulting schemes.