Skip to Main Content
The authors have previously demonstrated that a carbon nanotube (CNT) gas sensor can detect SF6 decomposition byproducts generated by partial discharges (PDs). There are several factors to be considered, however, before applying the CNT gas sensor to practical diagnosis of a gas-insulated switchgear (GIS). In this paper, three major factors, namely, the effects of operating temperature and installation location of the CNT gas sensor and SF6/N2 gas mixture, were investigated. The stability of sensor conductance and the sensor response to PD were improved by controlling the sensor operating temperature. The maximum sensor response was obtained at about 70 degC. The CNT gas sensor, which was installed in an external pipe connected to the GIS tank, could detect PD generated in the tank, although the sensor response became lower and slower as the sensor was located further away from the PD source. It was found that the sensor response to PD showed a clear dependence on the mixing ratio of the SF6/N2 gas mixture. The maximum sensor response was achieved for SF6/N2 (20%/80%) gas mixture. This result was discussed based on Fourier transformation infrared (FTIR) analysis of PD decomposition byproducts adsorbed on the CNT surface.