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Cooperative Spectrum Sensing for Cognitive Radios under Bandwidth Constraints

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3 Author(s)
Chunhua Sun ; Dept. of Electron. & Comput. Eng., Hong Kong Univ. of Sci. & Technol. ; Wei Zhang ; Khaled Ben Letaief

In cognitive radio systems, cooperative spectrum sensing is conducted among the cognitive users so as to detect the primary user accurately. However, when the number of cognitive users tends to be very large, the bandwidth for reporting their sensing results to the common receiver will be very huge. In this paper, the authors employ a censoring method with quantization to decrease the average number of sensing bits to the common receiver. By censoring the collected local observations, only the users with enough information will send their local one bit decisions (0 or 1) to the common receiver. The performance of spectrum sensing is investigated for both perfect and imperfect reporting channels. Numerical results show that the average number of sensing bits decreases greatly at the expense of a little sensing performance loss.

Published in:

2007 IEEE Wireless Communications and Networking Conference

Date of Conference:

11-15 March 2007