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Distributed Processing of Moving K-Nearest-Neighbor Query on Moving Objects

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3 Author(s)
Wei Wu ; Sch. of Comput., National Univ. of Singapore, Singapore ; Wenyuan Guo ; Kian-Lee Tan

A moving k-nearest-neighbor (MKNN) query is a continuous k-nearest-neighbor (KNN) query issued by a moving object. As both the query owner and other mobile objects are moving, the influenced area (i.e., cells in the cellular networks), and query result of a MKNN query change with time. Existing processing techniques for MKNN queries are all centralized approaches which rely on the location update messages from moving objects. However, these approaches typically employ complex data structures and algorithms. Moreover, the server may not be able to cope with a high location report rate which is necessary to ensure accurate and correct answers. In this paper, we propose a distributed strategy to process MKNN queries in real-time. In our scheme, called disMKNN, the server and moving objects collaborate to maintain the KNN of a MKNN query. While the server keeps track of a MKNN query's influenced cells, moving objects within the cells monitor their own relationships (i.e., whether they are part of the KNN answers) to the query. Results of an extensive performance study show the effectiveness of disMKNN.

Published in:

Data Engineering, 2007. ICDE 2007. IEEE 23rd International Conference on

Date of Conference:

15-20 April 2007