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X-ray image segmentation using active contour model with global constraints

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3 Author(s)
Jiang, Y. ; Dept. of Comput. Sci., Ryerson Univ., Toronto, Ont. ; Meng, J. ; Babyn, P.

This paper presents an image segmentation method that outlines fractured bones in an X-ray image of a patient's arm within cast materials, and displays the alignment between the fractured bones. The cast material overlaying on the fractured bones creates extra noises to the X-ray image and provides challenges to the segmentation method. Our segmentation method aims on outlining the objects from a low contrast and high noise ratio of the X-ray images. A geodesic active contour model with global constraints is applied to this segmentation task. A prior shape is collected and embedded into the active contour model as a global constraint. A maximum-likelihood function is derived and used as a feedback system for each evolving process to a decision making procedure. Mutual Information is employed to measure the difference or the likelihood between the prior shape and the evolving curve. Experimental results show that the method produces the outlines of the fractured bones on the low contrast X-ray images robustly and accurately. The computation of our segmentation method is fast and efficient

Published in:

Computational Intelligence in Image and Signal Processing, 2007. CIISP 2007. IEEE Symposium on

Date of Conference:

1-5 April 2007