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VLSI implementation of spatial prediction based image compression scheme

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3 Author(s)
Nandi, A.V. ; Dept. of Electr. & Comput. Eng., B.V. Bhoormaraddi Coll. of Eng. & Technol., Karnataka ; Patnaik, L.M. ; Banakar, R.M.

We propose the design and implementation of hardware architecture for spatial prediction based image compression scheme, which consists of prediction phase and quantization phase. In prediction phase, the hierarchical tree structure obtained from the test image is used to predict every central pixel of an image by its four neighboring pixels. The prediction scheme generates an error image, to which the wavelet/sub-band coding algorithm can be applied to obtain efficient compression. The software model is tested for its performance in terms of entropy, standard deviation. The memory and silicon area constraints play a vital role in the realization of the hardware for hand-held devices. The hardware architecture is constructed for the proposed scheme, which involves the aspects of parallelism in instructions and data. The processor consists of pipelined functional units to obtain the maximum throughput and higher speed of operation. The hardware model is analyzed for performance in terms throughput, speed and power. The results of hardware model indicate that the proposed architecture is suitable for power constrained implementations with higher data rate

Published in:

Industrial and Information Systems, First International Conference on

Date of Conference:

8-11 Aug. 2006