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Asynchronous Agreement and Its Relation with Error-Correcting Codes

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4 Author(s)

The condition-based approach identifies sets of input vectors, called conditions, for which it is possible to design an asynchronous protocol solving a distributed problem despite process crashes. This paper establishes a direct correlation between distributed agreement problems and error-correcting codes. In particular, crash failures in distributed agreement problems correspond to erasure failures in error-correcting codes and Byzantine and value domain faults correspond to corruption errors. This correlation is exemplified by concentrating on two well-known agreement problems, namely, consensus and interactive consistency, in the context of the condition-based approach. Specifically, the paper presents the following results: first, it shows that the conditions that allow interactive consistency to be solved despite fc crashes and fc value domain faults correspond exactly to the set of error-correcting codes capable of recovering from fc erasures and fc corruptions. Second, the paper proves that consensus can be solved despite fc crash failures if the condition corresponds to a code whose Hamming distance is fc + 1 and Byzantine consensus can be solved despite fb Byzantine faults if the Hamming distance of the code is 2 fb + 1. Finally, the paper uses the above relations to establish several results in distributed agreement that are derived from known results in error-correcting codes and vice versa.

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Computers  (Volume:56 ,  Issue: 7 )