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RMAC: A Routing-Enhanced Duty-Cycle MAC Protocol for Wireless Sensor Networks

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3 Author(s)
Du, S. ; Rice Univ., Houston ; Saha, A.K. ; Johnson, D.B.

Duty-cycle MAC protocols have been proposed to meet the demanding energy requirements of wireless sensor networks. Although existing duty-cycle MAC protocols such as S-MAC are power efficient, they introduce significant end-to-end delivery latency and provide poor traffic contention handling. In this paper, we present a new duty-cycle MAC protocol, called RMAC (the routing enhanced MAC protocol), that exploits cross-layer routing information in order to avoid these problems without sacrificing energy efficiency. In RMAC, a setup control frame can travel across multiple hops and schedule the upcoming data packet delivery along that route. Each intermediate relaying node for the data packet along these hops sleeps and intelligently wakes up at a scheduled time, so that its upstream node can send the data packet to it and it can immediately forward the data packet to its downstream node. When wireless medium contention occurs, RMAC moves contention traffic away from the busy area by delivering data packets over multiple hops in a single cycle, helping to reduce the contention in the area quickly. Our simulation results in ns-2 show that RMAC achieves significant improvement in end-to-end delivery latency over S-MAC and can handle traffic contention much more efficiently than S-MAC, without sacrificing energy efficiency or network throughput.

Published in:

INFOCOM 2007. 26th IEEE International Conference on Computer Communications. IEEE

Date of Conference:

6-12 May 2007