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Multivariate Online Anomaly Detection Using Kernel Recursive Least Squares

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3 Author(s)
T. Ahmed ; McGill Univ. Montreal, Montreal ; M. Coates ; A. Lakhina

High-speed backbones are regularly affected by various kinds of network anomalies, ranging from malicious attacks to harmless large data transfers. Different types of anomalies affect the network in different ways, and it is difficult to know a priori how a potential anomaly will exhibit itself in traffic statistics. In this paper we describe an online, sequential, anomaly detection algorithm, that is suitable for use with multivariate data. The proposed algorithm is based on the kernel version of the recursive least squares algorithm. It assumes no model for network traffic or anomalies, and constructs and adapts a dictionary of features that approximately spans the subspace of normal behaviour. The algorithm raises an alarm immediately upon encountering a deviation from the norm. Through comparison with existing block-based offline methods based upon Principal Component Analysis, we demonstrate that our online algorithm is equally effective but has much faster time-to-detection and lower computational complexity. We also explore minimum volume set approaches in identifying the region of normality.

Published in:

IEEE INFOCOM 2007 - 26th IEEE International Conference on Computer Communications

Date of Conference:

6-12 May 2007