By Topic

Low-Cost and Highly Manufacturable Strained-Si Channel Technique for Strong Hole Mobility Enhancement on 35-nm Gate Length pMOSFETs

Sign In

Cookies must be enabled to login.After enabling cookies , please use refresh or reload or ctrl+f5 on the browser for the login options.

Formats Non-Member Member
$31 $13
Learn how you can qualify for the best price for this item!
Become an IEEE Member or Subscribe to
IEEE Xplore for exclusive pricing!
close button

puzzle piece

IEEE membership options for an individual and IEEE Xplore subscriptions for an organization offer the most affordable access to essential journal articles, conference papers, standards, eBooks, and eLearning courses.

Learn more about:

IEEE membership

IEEE Xplore subscriptions

5 Author(s)
Qiuxia Xu ; Chinese Acad. of Sci., Beijing ; Xiaofeng Duan ; Haihua Liu ; Zhengsheng Han
more authors

Local strained-silicon channel pMOSFETs with minimum gate length down to 22 nm have been fabricated by integrating Ge preamorphization implantation (PAI) for source/drain (S/D) extension, which induces a uniaxial compressive stress in the channel to attain an enhanced pMOSFET performance without additional masks. A 43 % improvement of hole effective mobility has been obtained for 35-nm gate length pMOSFETs with an optimized Ge PAI condition for S/D extension at 1.1-MV cm vertical effective field, and the hole mobility improvement is nearly maintained at higher vertical field. The corresponding enhancement of a saturated drive current is 25 % at 1.3-MV ldr cm vertical field. The scaling strengthens the enhancement of the hole mobility remarkably. No negative effect on electron effective mobility is observed. An analysis by using a zero-order Laue zone diffraction on large angle convergent beam electron diffraction patterns in a transmission electron microscopy confirms that the significant residual compressive strain up to -3.0 % in the channel region is induced for 60-nm gate length strained channel pMOSFETs with the same optimized Ge PAI condition as that of 35-nm gate length pMOSFETs. The depth profiles of the residual compressive strain and shear strain in the channel region are given, respectively. The possible mechanisms are discussed.

Published in:

Electron Devices, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:54 ,  Issue: 6 )