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On Noncoherent MIMO Channels in the Wideband Regime: Capacity and Reliability

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3 Author(s)
Ray, S. ; Lab. for Inf. & Decision Syst., MIT, Cambridge, MA ; Medard, M. ; Lizhong Zheng

We consider a multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) wideband Rayleigh block-fading channel where the channel state is unknown to both the transmitter and the receiver and there is only an average power constraint on the input. We compute the capacity and analyze its dependence on coherence length, number of antennas and receive signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) per degree of freedom. We establish conditions on the coherence length and number of antennas for the noncoherent channel to have a "near-coherent" performance in the wideband regime. We also propose a signaling scheme that is near-capacity achieving in this regime. We compute the error probability for this wideband noncoherent MIMO channel and study its dependence on SNR, number of transmit and receive antennas and coherence length. We show that error probability decays inversely with coherence length and exponentially with the product of the number of transmit and receive antennas. Moreover, channel outage dominates error probability in the wideband regime. We also show that the critical as well as cutoff rates are much smaller than channel capacity in this regime

Published in:

Information Theory, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:53 ,  Issue: 6 )

Date of Publication:

June 2007

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