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Multiple-antenna concepts for wireless communication systems promise high spectral efficiencies and improved error rate performance by proper exploitation of the randomness in multipath propagation. In this paper, we investigate the impact of channel uncertainty caused by channel estimation errors on the capacity of Rayleigh and Ricean block-fading channels. We consider a training-based multiple-antenna system that reserves a portion of time to sound the channel. The training symbols are used to estimate the channel state information (CSI) at the receiver by means of an arbitrary linear estimation filter. No CSI is assumed at the transmitter. Our analysis is based on an equivalent system model for training-based multiple-antenna systems which specifies the channel by the estimated (and hence, known) channel coefficients and an uncorrelated, data-dependent, multiplicative noise. This model includes the special cases of perfect CSI and no CSI. We present new upper and lower bounds on the maximum instantaneous mutual information to compute ergodic and outage capacities, and extend previous results to arbitrary (and possibly mismatched) linear channel estimators and to correlated Ricean fading. Several numerical results for single- and multiple-antenna systems with estimated CSI are included as illustration.