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A 21-GHz 8-Modulus Prescaler and a 20-GHz Phase-Locked Loop Fabricated in 130-nm CMOS

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2 Author(s)
Yanping Ding ; Florida Univ., Gainesville ; O, K.K.

A 1.5-V 256-263 8-modulus prescaler and a 1.5-V integer-N phase-locked loop (PLL) with eight different output frequencies have been implemented in a 0.13-mum foundry CMOS process. The synchronous divide-by-4/5 circuit uses current mode logic (CML) D-flip-flops with resistive loads to achieve 21-GHz maximum operating frequency at input power of 0 dBm. The divider is used to implement an 8-modulus prescaler consuming 6-mA current and 9-mW power. This extremely low power consumption is achieved by radically decreasing the sizes of transistors in the divider. Utilizing the prescaler, a charge-pump integer-N PLL has been demonstrated with 20-GHz output frequency. The in-band phase noise of the PLL at 60-kHz offset and out-of-band phase noise at 10-MHz offset are ~-80 dBc/Hz and -116.1 dBc/Hz, respectively. The locking range is from 20.05 to 21 GHz. The PLL consumes 15-mA current and 22.5-mW power from a 1.5-V power supply.

Published in:

Solid-State Circuits, IEEE Journal of  (Volume:42 ,  Issue: 6 )

Date of Publication:

June 2007

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