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A Low Complexity Frequency Domain Iterative Decision-Directed Channel Estimation Technique for Single-Carrier Systems

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3 Author(s)
Chan-Tong Lam ; BCWS, Carleton Univ., Ottawa, Ont. ; Falconer, D.D. ; Danilo-Lemoine, F.

A low complexity frequency domain iterative decision-directed channel estimation (FD-IDDCE) technique for single-carrier (SC) systems with frequency domain multiplexed (FDM) pilots is proposed. The tentative hard decisions from either the frequency domain equalizer output or the Viterbi decoder output are used as extra pilots to further improve the initial frequency channel estimates using a cascaded 2 times 1D Wiener filter. The issue of noise enhancement when finding the least square (LS) estimates of the channel frequency response (CFR) using the tentative decisions in the frequency domain is overcome by the so called frequency replacement algorithm, which replaces the noise enhanced LS estimates of the CFR with the corresponding channel frequency estimates in the previous iteration, by comparing with a threshold. Using the proposed FD-IDDCE, the frame error rate (FER) performance for coded SC systems using FDM pilots with frequency expanding technique and frequency domain superimposed pilot technique was found to be about 0.4 dB and about 1 dB away from the FER performance with known CFR at FER=10-2.

Published in:

Vehicular Technology Conference, 2007. VTC2007-Spring. IEEE 65th

Date of Conference:

22-25 April 2007