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Backstepping-enhanced decentralised PID control for MIMO processes with an experimental study

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3 Author(s)
Zhang, Y. ; Dept. of Autom., Shanghai Jiao Tong Univ. ; Li, S. ; Zhu, Q.

A novel decentralised PID controller design procedure based on backstepping principles is presented to operate multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) dynamic processes. First, a control Lyapunov function (CLF) and virtual control variable based on the backstepping method are derived recursively for each loop and a multivariable controller is obtained. Appropriate selection of auxiliary control variables can then eliminate coupling effects between subprocesses, and a decentralised controller can be derived. By analysing the regulation dynamics, external disturbances are rejected via appropriate tuning of the backstepping design parameters. Sufficient stability conditions are then derived using the small-gain theorem for two-input two-output and MIMO closed-loop systems, respectively. Simulation results for the control of the Shell benchmark problem and experimental results with a real-time water-level control system are provided to demonstrate the effectiveness and practicality of the proposed design procedure

Published in:

Control Theory & Applications, IET  (Volume:1 ,  Issue: 3 )