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Chemical and Magnetic Interface Properties of Tunnel Junctions With Co2 MnSi/Co2FeSi Multilayer Electrode Showing Large Tunneling Magnetoresistance

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8 Author(s)

Transport, as well as chemical and magnetic interface properties of two kinds of magnetic tunnel junctions (MTJs) with Co2FeSi electrode, Al-O barrier, and Co-Fe counter electrode, are investigated. For junctions with Co2FeSi single-layer electrodes, a tunnel magnetoresistance of up to 52% is found after optimal annealing for an optimal Al thickness of 1.5 nm, whereas the room temperature bulk magnetization of the Co2FeSi film reaches only 75% of the expected value. By using a [Co2MnSi/Co2FeSi]times10 multilayer electrode, the magnetoresistance can be increased to 114%, corresponding to a large spin polarization of 0.74, and the full bulk magnetization is reached. For Al thickness smaller than 1 nm, the TMR of both kinds of MTJs decreases rapidly to zero. On the other hand, for 2- to 3-nm-thick Al, the TMR decreases only slowly. The Al thickness dependence of the TMR is directly correlated to the element-specific magnetic moments of Fe and Co at the Co2FeSi/Al-O interface for all Al thickness. Especially, for optimal Al thickness and annealing, the interfacial Fe moment of the single-layer electrode is about 20% smaller than for the multilayer electrode, indicating smaller atomic disorder at the barrier interface for the latter MTJ.

Published in:

Magnetics, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:43 ,  Issue: 6 )

Date of Publication:

June 2007

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