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Equilateral-Triangle-Resonator Injection Lasers With Directional Emission

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5 Author(s)
Chen, Qin ; Inst. of Semicond., Acad. Sinica, Beijing ; Yong-Hong Hu ; Yong-Zhen Huang ; Yun Du
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Equilateral-triangle-resonator (ETR) lasers with an output waveguide jointed at one vertex of the resonator are fabricated on (100) GaInAsP-InP wafers using photolithography and a two-step inductively coupled plasma (ICP) etching technique. Distinct peaks with the mode spacing of longitudinal mode intervals are observed in the luminescence spectra at room temperature. Furthermore, some minor peaks appear in the middle of the main peaks, which can be attributed to the first-order transverse modes as predicted in the theoretical results. CW directional lasing emissions are achieved for ETR lasers with side lengths ranging from 15 to 30 mum up to 200 K. The temperature dependences of the threshold current and lasing wavelength are measured for an ETR laser with the side length of 20 mum from 80 to 200 K. The observed threshold current rapidly increases as temperature increases over 170 K

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Quantum Electronics, IEEE Journal of  (Volume:43 ,  Issue: 6 )