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Topology control (TC) aims at tuning the topology of highly dynamic networks to provide better control over network resources and to increase the efficiency of communication. Recently, many TC protocols have been proposed. The protocols are designed for preserving connectivity, minimizing energy consumption, maximizing the overall network coverage or network capacity. Each TC protocol makes different assumptions about the network topology, environment detection resources, and control capacities. This circumstance makes it extremely difficult to comprehend the role and purpose of each protocol. To tackle this situation, a taxonomy for TC protocols is presented throughout this paper. Additionally, some TC protocols are classified based upon this taxonomy.