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Robust Formulations of the Cauchy Method Suitable for Microwave Duplexers Modeling

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3 Author(s)
Daniele Traina ; Dept. of Electr. Eng., Politecnico di Milano, Milan ; Giuseppe Macchiarella ; Tapan K. Sarkar

It is well known that a Vandermonde matrix generates an ill-conditioned system matrix when applied with finite numerical precision. This deficiency affects the Cauchy method by restricting its application to only lower order systems. This paper presents innovative, accurate, and robust formulations of the Cauchy method to rectify this limitation and make the Cauchy method suitable for the extraction of a high-order microwave duplexer polynomial model. The techniques employed are: the change of polynomial basis into the Krylov subspace and the precondition technique, both acting on the system matrix of the classic Cauchy method formulation. A novel formulation using the QR algorithm on the two characteristic functions of the duplexer and a suitable combination of the QR method and the precondition technique are then presented. Each of these procedures has been successfully verified by numerical application examples

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques  (Volume:55 ,  Issue: 5 )