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A Novel High-Speed and Energy Efficient 10-Transistor Full Adder Design

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4 Author(s)
Lin, Jin-Fa ; Doctoral Program, Nat. Yunlin Univ. of Sci. & Technol. ; Yin-Tsung Hwang ; Ming-hwa Sheu ; Cheng-Che Ho

In this paper, we propose a novel full adder design using as few as ten transistors per bit. Compared with other low-gate-count full adder designs using pass transistor logic, the proposed design features lower operating voltage, higher computing speed and lower energy (power delay product) operation. The design adopts inverter buffered xor/xnor designs to alleviate the threshold voltage loss problem commonly encountered in pass transistor logic design. This problem usually prevents the full adder design from operating in low supply voltage or cascading directly without extra buffering. The proposed design successfully embeds the buffering circuit in the full adder design and the transistor count is minimized. The improved buffering helps the design operate under lower supply voltage compared with existing works. It also enhances the speed performance of the cascaded operation significantly while maintaining the performance edge in energy consumption. For performance comparison, both dc andperformances of the proposed design against various full adder designs are evaluated via extensive HSPICE simulations. The simulation results, based on TSMC 2P4M 0.35-mum process models, indicate that the proposed design has the lowest working Vdd and highest working frequency among all designs using ten transistors. It also features the lowest energy consumption per addition among these designs. In addition, the performance edge of the proposed design in both speed and energy consumption becomes even more significant as the word length of the adder increases

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Circuits and Systems I: Regular Papers, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:54 ,  Issue: 5 )