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Full Field Temperature Measurement of Specular Wafers During Rapid Thermal Processing

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3 Author(s)
Maxwell, J.D. ; Adv. Micro Devices, Inc, Austin, TX ; Yan Qu ; Howell, J.R.

Many of the processes involved in the creation of semiconductor devices involve high-temperature processing of silicon wafers. The benefits of reduced thermal budget and faster cycle time make rapid thermal processing (RTP) a possible key technology for semiconductor manufacturing. However, the problem of nonuniform wafer temperature has prevented it from further spread among the industry. The first step in developing controls to maintain a uniform wafer temperature is accurate temperature measurement during processing. In this paper, a system was developed to exploit the specular reflectivity of silicon wafers and obtain a measurement of the wafer temperature profile. The spectral reflectivity is determined by measuring the intensity of an incident beam and the beam reflected from the wafer surface. With this measured reflectivity value the spectral-directional wafer emissivity was determined using Kirchhoff's law. The obtained emissivity then was used to calculate the wafer temperature profile from an image obtained with an infrared camera. An experimental study of the transmittance of an undoped silicon calibration wafer at an elevated temperature is also discussed

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Semiconductor Manufacturing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:20 ,  Issue: 2 )