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Implementation of Initial-On ESD Protection Concept With PMOS-Triggered SCR Devices in Deep-Submicron CMOS Technology

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2 Author(s)
Ming-Dou Ker ; Inst. of Electron., Nat. Chiao Tung Univ., Hsinchu ; Shih-Hung Chen

In order to enhance the applications of SCR devices for deep-submicron CMOS technology, a novel SCR design with "initial-on" function is proposed to achieve the lowest trigger voltage and the highest turn-on efficiency of SCR device for effective on-chip ESD protection. Without using the special native device (NMOS with almost zero or even negative threshold voltage) or any process modification, this initial-on SCR design is implemented by PMOS-triggered SCR device, which can be realized in general CMOS processes. This initial-on SCR design has a high enough holding voltage to avoid latchup issues in a VDD operation voltage of 2.5 V. The new proposed initial-on ESD protection design with PMOS-triggered SCR device has been successfully verified in a fully-silicided 0.25-mum CMOS process

Published in:

Solid-State Circuits, IEEE Journal of  (Volume:42 ,  Issue: 5 )