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Revised Radiometric Calibration Technique for LANDSAT-4 Thematic Mapper Data

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4 Author(s)
Jennifer M. Murphy ; Canada Centre for Remote Sensing, Ottawa, Ont., KlA OY7, Canada Roy Ball Associates, Ottawa, Ont., K2C 2B5, Canada ; Trevor Butlin ; Paul F. Duff ; Anthony J. Fitzgerald

A technique for the radiometric correction of Landsat-4 Thematic Mapper (TM) data was proposed by the Canada Centre for Remote Sensing (CCRS) in 1982, and two reports defining the method and discussing preliminary results were presented by CCRS at the Landsat-4 Scientific Characterization Early Results Symposium [1] and [2]. Subsequent detailed observations of raw image data, raw radiometric calibration data, and background measurements extracted from the raw data stream on High Density Tape have highlighted in the proposed method, major shortcomings, which if left uncorrected, can cause severe radiometric striping in the output product. Observations presented here show that there are random fluctuations in the background level for spectral band 1 of magnitudes ranging from 2 to 3.5 digital numbers (DN), depending on detector number. Similar variability is observed in all the other reflective bands, but with smaller magnitude in the range 0.5 to 2.5 DN. More significantly, it is shown how measurements of the dc background level can be correlated with variations in both image data background and calibration samples. The effect on both raw data and on data corrected using the earlier proposed technique is explained, and the correction required for these factors as a function of individual scan line number for each detector is described. It is shown how the revised technique, which includes corrections for a line-dependent offset in addition to the scene-dependent gain and offset, can be incorporated into an operational environment.

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IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing  (Volume:GE-22 ,  Issue: 3 )