Skip to Main Content
The measured effects of vegetation canopies on radar and radiometric sensitivity to soil moisture are compared to first-order emission and scattering models. The models are found to predict the measured emission and backscattering with reasonable accuracy for various crop canopies at frequencies between 1.4 and 5.0 GHz, especially at angles of incidence less than 30Â°. The vegetation loss factor L (Â¿) increases with frequency and is found to be dependent upon canopy type and water content. In addition, the effective radiometric power absorption coefficient of a mature corn canopy is roughly 1.75 times that calculated for the radar at the same frequency. Comparison of an L-band radiometer with a C-band radar shows the two systems to be complementary in terms of accurate soil moisture sensing over the extreme range of naturally occurring soil-moisture conditions. The combination of both an L-band radiometer and a C-band radar is expected to yield soil-moisture estimates that are accurate to better than +/-30 percent of true soil moisture, even for a soil under a lossy crop canopy such as mature corn. This is true even without any other ancillary information.
Geoscience and Remote Sensing, IEEE Transactions on (Volume:GE-21 , Issue: 3 )
Date of Publication: July 1983