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A Takagi–Sugeno Fuzzy Rule-Based Model for Soil Moisture Retrieval From SAR Under Soil Roughness Uncertainty

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3 Author(s)
Verhoest, N.E.C. ; Lab. of Hydrology & Water Manage., Ghent Univ. ; De Baets, B. ; Vernieuwe, H.

Radar remote sensing has shown its potential for retrieving soil moisture from bare soil surfaces. Since the backscattering process is also influenced by soil roughness, the characterization of this roughness is crucial for an accurate soil moisture retrieval. However, several field experiments have shown a large variability of the roughness parameters. Describing these parameters by means of possibility distributions allows to account for their uncertainty. Verhoest et al. introduced a retrieval procedure which calculates from these uncertain roughness parameters the possibility distribution of retrieved soil moisture, from which a soil moisture value and uncertainty upon the retrieval are estimated. The main disadvantage of their technique is the high computational demand, which hampers an operational application. In this paper, a fuzzy modeling approach, which is based on fuzzy rules of the Takagi-Sugeno type, is introduced that accurately simulates the soil moisture and the uncertainty upon its retrieved value as obtained by the possibilistic procedure

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Geoscience and Remote Sensing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:45 ,  Issue: 5 )