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Analysis of the Effects of Faraday Rotation on Spaceborne Polarimetric SAR Observations at \hbox {P} -Band

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2 Author(s)
Ren-Yuan Qi ; Key Lab. of Wave Scattering & Remote Sensing Inf., Fudan Univ., Shanghai ; Ya-Qiu Jin

Spaceborne microwave observation of subcanopy and subsurface requires the polarimetric synthetic aperture radar (SAR) technology at lower microwave frequencies, such as P-band. However, SAR observation at P-band is remarkably influenced by the Faraday rotation (FR) effect through the ionosphere. An example in this paper illustrates why the measured polarimetric data with FR at P-band cannot be directly applied to terrain surface classification. We further present that the parameters u, nu, H, alpha, A for terrain surface classification derived from the polarimetric data without FR, which are recovered from the data with FR, can be applied to the surface classification, there is a plusmnpi/2 ambiguity error unresolved. Based on gradual change of the FR degree along a geographical location, a method to eliminate the plusmnpi/2 ambiguity error is designed. Thus, the polarimetric scattering vector and Mueller matrix without FR and plusmnpi/2 ambiguity can be fully inverted from the measured polarimetric data with FR

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing  (Volume:45 ,  Issue: 5 )