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Transform Coding Techniques for Lossy Hyperspectral Data Compression

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4 Author(s)
Penna, B. ; Dipt. di Elettronica, Torino Univ. ; Tillo, T. ; Magli, E. ; Olmo, G.

Transform-based lossy compression has a huge potential for hyperspectral data reduction. Hyperspectral data are 3-D, and the nature of their correlation is different in each dimension. This calls for a careful design of the 3-D transform to be used for compression. In this paper, we investigate the transform design and rate allocation stage for lossy compression of hyperspectral data. First, we select a set of 3-D transforms, obtained by combining in various ways wavelets, wavelet packets, the discrete cosine transform, and the Karhunen-Loegraveve transform (KLT), and evaluate the coding efficiency of these combinations. Second, we propose a low-complexity version of the KLT, in which complexity and performance can be balanced in a scalable way, allowing one to design the transform that better matches a specific application. Third, we integrate this, as well as other existing transforms, in the framework of Part 2 of the Joint Photographic Experts Group (JPEG) 2000 standard, taking advantage of the high coding efficiency of JPEG 2000, and exploiting the interoperability of an international standard. We introduce an evaluation framework based on both reconstruction fidelity and impact on image exploitation, and evaluate the proposed algorithm by applying this framework to AVIRIS scenes. It is shown that the scheme based on the proposed low-complexity KLT significantly outperforms previous schemes as to rate-distortion performance. As for impact on exploitation, we consider multiclass hard classification, spectral unmixing, binary classification, and anomaly detection as benchmark applications

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Geoscience and Remote Sensing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:45 ,  Issue: 5 )