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Melody Transcription From Music Audio: Approaches and Evaluation

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6 Author(s)
Graham E. Poliner ; Dept. of Electr. Eng., Columbia Univ., New York, NY ; Daniel P. W. Ellis ; Andreas F. Ehmann ; Emilia Gomez
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Although the process of analyzing an audio recording of a music performance is complex and difficult even for a human listener, there are limited forms of information that may be tractably extracted and yet still enable interesting applications. We discuss melody-roughly, the part a listener might whistle or hum-as one such reduced descriptor of music audio, and consider how to define it, and what use it might be. We go on to describe the results of full-scale evaluations of melody transcription systems conducted in 2004 and 2005, including an overview of the systems submitted, details of how the evaluations were conducted, and a discussion of the results. For our definition of melody, current systems can achieve around 70% correct transcription at the frame level, including distinguishing between the presence or absence of the melody. Melodies transcribed at this level are readily recognizable, and show promise for practical applications

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IEEE Transactions on Audio, Speech, and Language Processing  (Volume:15 ,  Issue: 4 )