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Spatially Coherent Nonlinear Dimensionality Reduction and Segmentation of Hyperspectral Images

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3 Author(s)
Anish Mohan ; Dept. of Electr. & Comput. Eng., Minnesota Univ., Minneapolis, MN ; Guillermo Sapiro ; Edward Bosch

The nonlinear dimensionality reduction and its effects on vector classification and segmentation of hyperspectral images are investigated in this letter. In particular, the way dimensionality reduction influences and helps classification and segmentation is studied. The proposed framework takes into account the nonlinear nature of high-dimensional hyperspectral images and projects onto a lower dimensional space via a novel spatially coherent locally linear embedding technique. The spatial coherence is introduced by comparing pixels based on their local surrounding structure in the image domain and not just on their individual values as classically done. This spatial coherence in the image domain across the multiple bands defines the high-dimensional local neighborhoods used for the dimensionality reduction. This spatial coherence concept is also extended to the segmentation and classification stages that follow the dimensionality reduction, introducing a modified vector angle distance. We present the underlying concepts of the proposed framework and experimental results showing the significant classification improvements

Published in:

IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters  (Volume:4 ,  Issue: 2 )