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A Novel Method for Removal of Emitter Noise in SAR Images

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4 Author(s)
Luc, K. ; Remote Sensing Div., Naval Res. Lab., Washington, DC ; Jansen, R.W. ; Kersten, P.R. ; Fiedler, R.L.

Traditionally, interfering emitter signatures have been removed through notched filtering in the range (fast-time) dimension. This works well when a narrowband emitter interferes with a wideband radar pulse; however, when the emitter and radar signal bandwidths are comparable, then this approach fails since the noise is distributed throughout the pulse and the image as well. In cases where the interfering signal is localized in the cross range, joint time-frequency methods can often focus this interference signal, thereby transforming the image. In this transformed image, the interferer is the foreground, and the desired synthetic aperture radar image is blurred and now the background. The focused compressed interferer can be analyzed and censored from the transformed image. Back transformation restores the image with the interference removed. This technique has been fully automated and applied to an Electromagnetics Institute Synthetic Aperture Radar (EMISAR) image contaminated by a nonstationary emitter. The cleansed image is virtually free of the emitter interference

Published in:

Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters, IEEE  (Volume:4 ,  Issue: 2 )