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Coded Unitary Space–Time Modulation With Iterative Decoding: Error Performance and Mapping Design

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3 Author(s)
Tran, N.H. ; Dept. of Electr. Eng., Saskatchewan Univ., Saskatoon, Sask. ; Nguyen, H.H. ; Le-Ngoc, Tho

This paper studies the bit error probability of coded unitary space-time modulation with iterative decoding where neither the transmitter nor the receiver knows the channel fading coefficients. The tight error bound with respect to the asymptotic performance is first analytically derived for any given unitary constellation and mapping rule. Design criteria regarding the choice of unitary constellation and mapping are then established. Furthermore, using the unitary constellation obtained from orthogonal design with quadrature phase-shift keying (QPSK or 4-PSK) and 8-PSK, two different mapping rules are proposed. The first mapping rule gives the most suitable mapping for systems that do not implement iterative processing, which is similar to a Gray mapping in coherent channels. The second mapping rule yields the best mapping for systems with iterative decoding. In particular, analytical and simulation results show that with the proposed mappings of the unitary constellations obtained from orthogonal designs, the asymptotic error performance of the iterative systems can closely approach a lower bound which is applicable to any unitary constellation and mapping

Published in:

Communications, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:55 ,  Issue: 4 )

Date of Publication:

April 2007

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