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Distributed Diagnosis in Formations of Mobile Robots

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3 Author(s)
Matthew J. Daigle ; Dept. of Electr. Eng. & Comput. Sci., Vanderbilt Univ., Nashville, TN ; Xenofon D. Koutsoukos ; Gautam Biswas

Multirobot systems are being increasingly used for a variety of tasks in manufacturing, surveillance, and space exploration. These systems can degrade or develop faults during operation, and, therefore, require online diagnosis algorithms to ensure safe operation. Centralized approaches to online diagnosis of robot formations do not scale well for two primary reasons: 1) the computational complexity of the algorithm grows significantly with the number of robots, and 2) the individual robots must communicate a large number of measurements to a central diagnoser. To overcome these problems, we present a distributed, model-based, qualitative fault-diagnosis approach for formations of mobile robots. The approach is based on a bond-graph modeling framework that can deal with multiple sensor types and isolate process, sensor, and actuator faults. The diagnosis scheme employs relative measurement orderings to discriminate among faults by exploiting the temporal order of measurement deviations. This increases the discriminatory power of the measurement set and produces a more efficient fault-isolation algorithm. We describe a distributed diagnoser design algorithm applied to robot formations. Experimental results demonstrate the improvement in both the discriminatory power of the measurements produced by the relative measurement orderings, and the computational efficiency achieved by the distributed-diagnosis approach

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Robotics  (Volume:23 ,  Issue: 2 )