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P-SLAM: Simultaneous Localization and Mapping With Environmental-Structure Prediction

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4 Author(s)
Chang, H.J. ; Sch. of Electr. & Comput. Eng., Purdue Univ., West Lafayette, IN ; Lee, C.S.G. ; Yung-Hsiang Lu ; Hu, Y.C.

Traditionally, simultaneous localization and mapping (SLAM) algorithms solve the localization and mapping problem in explored regions. This paper presents a prediction-based SLAM algorithm (called P-SLAM), which has an environmental-structure predictor to predict the structure inside an unexplored region (i.e., look-ahead mapping). The prediction process is based on the observation of the surroundings of an unexplored region and comparing it with the built map of explored regions. If a similar environment/structure is matched in the map of explored regions, a hypothesis is generated to indicate that a similar structure has been explored before. If the environment has repeated structures, the mobile robot can use the predicted structure as a virtual mapping, and decide whether or not to explore the unexplored region to save the exploration time. If the mobile robot decides to explore the unexplored region, a correct prediction can be used to speed up the SLAM process and build a more accurate map. We have also derived the Bayesian formulation of P-SLAM to show its compact recursive form for real-time operation. We have experimentally implemented the proposed P-SLAM on a Pioneer 3-DX mobile robot using a Rao-Blackwellized particle filter in real time. Computer simulations and experimental results validated the performance of the proposed P-SLAM and its effectiveness in indoor environments

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Robotics, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:23 ,  Issue: 2 )