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Maximum Likelihood Estimation of Position in GNSS

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3 Author(s)
Closas, P. ; Dept. of Signal Theor. & Commun., Univ. Politecnica de Catalunya, Barcelona ; Fernandez-Prades, C. ; Fernandez-Rubio, J.A.

In this letter, we obtain the maximum likelihood estimator of position in the framework of global navigation satellite systems. This theoretical result is the basis of a completely different approach to the positioning problem, in contrast to the conventional two-step position estimation, consisting of estimating the synchronization parameters of the in-view satellites and then performing a position estimation with that information. To the authors' knowledge, this is a novel approach that copes with signal fading, and it mitigates multipath and jamming interferences. Besides, the concept of position-based synchronization is introduced, which states that synchronization parameters can be recovered from a user position estimation. We provide computer simulation results showing the robustness of the proposed approach in fading multipath channels. The root mean square error performance of the proposed algorithm is compared to those achieved with state-of-the-art synchronization techniques. A sequential Monte Carlo-based method is used to deal with the multivariate optimization problem resulting from the maximum likelihood solution in an iterative way

Published in:

Signal Processing Letters, IEEE  (Volume:14 ,  Issue: 5 )