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Evaluating the fire retardation efficiency of diammonium phosphate, ammonium sulphate and magnesium carbonate minerals on Pistacia lentiscus L

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2 Author(s)
Stylianos Liodakis ; Laboratory of Inorganic and Analytical Chemistry, Department of Chemical Engineering, Sector I, National Technical University of Athens (NTUA), 9 Iroon Politechniou, St., Athens 157 73, Greece. ; Joannis Antonopoulos

The retardation properties of diammonium phosphate (DAP), ammonium sulfate (AS) and a mixture of huntite/hydromagnesite minerals were studied on particle foliar combustion of Pistacia lentiscus L. (Mastic tree) collected from wildland/urban zones near Athens. Two methods were employed for this study. The first is thermal analysis (TG, DTG, SDTA), that uses samples of 15-17 mg under oxygen atmosphere conditions to favour complete combustion. The second is a laboratory-scale method (similar to the one described by the 79/831 European Commission Directive for testing relative self ignition properties of solid materials), that uses samples of 2.5 g under static air conditions and low heating rate to ensure smoldering combustion. Both methods concluded that DAP and AS are the most effective retardants, with each presenting better performance at different properties, while the minerals are the least efficient ones.

Published in:

2006 First International Symposium on Environment Identities and Mediterranean Area

Date of Conference:

9-12 July 2006