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Equivalent Resonant Cavity Model of Arbitrary Periodic Guided-Wave Structures and Its Application to Finite-Difference Frequency-Domain Algorithm

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3 Author(s)
Feng Xu ; Poly-Grames Res. Center, Ecole Polytech. de Montreal, Que. ; Ke Wu ; Wei Hong

An equivalent resonant cavity model is proposed and developed for efficiently and accurately extracting the complex propagation constant of any arbitrary bounded and unbounded periodic guided-wave structures, which is known as a difficult eigenvalue problem with respect to a deterministic or S-parameter-based field solver. In this study, this problem is formulated as a standard eigenvalue one, which is made possible by effectively translating the transmission distance-related attenuation part of complex propagation constant into a time-dependent damping factor. This allows the development of an equivalent resonant cavity model to substitute or replace the periodic guided-wave model, leading to a complex frequency simulation model. As a result, the simulation time and storage requirement are then reduced significantly with this complex frequency approach. A finite-difference frequency-domain algorithm combined with this model is used to demonstrate the concept, and the properties of arbitrary complex closed/open periodic guided-wave structures are rigorously investigated. The proposed algorithm has been validated by both simulations and experiments

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Microwave Theory and Techniques, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:55 ,  Issue: 4 )