By Topic

Surviving-Channel-Power Transients in Second-Order Pumped Lumped Raman Fiber Amplifier: Experimentation and Modeling

Sign In

Cookies must be enabled to login.After enabling cookies , please use refresh or reload or ctrl+f5 on the browser for the login options.

Formats Non-Member Member
$31 $13
Learn how you can qualify for the best price for this item!
Become an IEEE Member or Subscribe to
IEEE Xplore for exclusive pricing!
close button

puzzle piece

IEEE membership options for an individual and IEEE Xplore subscriptions for an organization offer the most affordable access to essential journal articles, conference papers, standards, eBooks, and eLearning courses.

Learn more about:

IEEE membership

IEEE Xplore subscriptions

6 Author(s)
Karasek, M. ; Acad. of Sci. of the Czech Republic, Prague ; Kanka, J. ; Bohac, L. ; Krcmarik, D.
more authors

In this paper, the effect of addition and/or dropping of wavelength-division-multiplexed channels in an all- optical gain-clamped (AOGC) second-order (SO) pumped lumped Raman fiber amplifier (LRFA) has been investigated experimentally and analyzed by numerical simulation. Channel addition/ removal was simulated by transmitting ten signals through a counter-directionally pumped LRFA consisting of a 16-km-long dispersion-compensating fiber. The light from eight lasers was square-wave modulated at 500 Hz; power transients of the surviving channels caused by cross-gain modulation of the LRFA were monitored at the output of the amplifier. All-optical feedback loop was implemented in the form of a ring laser. Gain-clamping properties of the SO-pumped LRFA are compared with those of the first-order pumped LRFA having the same ON/OFF Raman gain. Theoretical analysis of the AOGC LRFA was based on numerical solution of coupled propagation equations for the backward propagating pump, signals, and both forward and backward propagating spectral components of amplified spontaneous emission powers.

Published in:

Lightwave Technology, Journal of  (Volume:25 ,  Issue: 3 )