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Linear and Nonlinear Tuning of Parametrically Excited MEMS Oscillators

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5 Author(s)
DeMartini, Barry E. ; Dept. of Mech. Eng., California Univ., Santa Barbara, CA ; Rhoads, Jeffrey F. ; Turner, K.L. ; Shaw, Steven W.
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Microelectromechanical oscillators utilizing noninterdigitated combdrive actuators have the ability to be parametrically excited, which leads to distinct advantages over harmonically driven oscillators. Theory predicts that this type of actuator, when dc voltage is applied, can also be used for tuning the effective linear and nonlinear stiffnesses of an oscillator. For instance, the parametric instability region can be rotated by using a previously developed linear tuning scheme. This can be accomplished by implementing two sets of noninterdigitated combdrives, choosing the correct geometry and alignment for each, and applying ac excitation voltages to one set and proportional dc tuning voltages to the other set. Such an oscillator can also be tuned to display a desired nonlinear behavior: softening, hardening, or mixed nonlinearity. Nonlinear tuning is attained by carefully designing combdrive geometry, flexure geometry, and applying the correct dc voltages to the second set of actuators. Here, two oscillators have been designed, fabricated, and tested to prove these tuning concepts experimentally

Published in:

Microelectromechanical Systems, Journal of  (Volume:16 ,  Issue: 2 )

Date of Publication:

April 2007

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