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Markov random field for tumor detection in digital mammography

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5 Author(s)
Li, H.D. ; Dept. of Radiol., Univ. of South Florida, Tampa, FL, USA ; Kallergi, M. ; Clarke, L.P. ; Jain, V.K.
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A technique is proposed for the detection of tumors in digital mammography. Detection is performed in two steps: segmentation and classification. In segmentation, regions of interest are first extracted from the images by adaptive thresholding. A further reliable segmentation is achieved by a modified Markov random field (MRF) model-based method. In classification, the MRF segmented regions are classified into suspicious and normal by a fuzzy binary decision tree based on a series of radiographic, density-related features. A set of normal (50) and abnormal (45) screen/film mammograms were tested. The latter contained 48 biopsy proven, malignant masses of various types and subtlety. The detection accuracy of the algorithm was evaluated by means of a free response receiver operating characteristic curve which shows the relationship between the detection of true positive masses and the number of false positive alarms per image. The results indicated that a 90% sensitivity can be achieved in the detection of different types of masses at the expense of two falsely detected signals per image. The algorithm was notably successful in the detection of minimal cancers manifested by masses ⩽10 mm in size. For the 16 such cases in the authors' dataset, a 94% sensitivity was observed with 1.5 false alarms per image. An extensive study of the effects of the algorithm's parameters on its sensitivity and specificity was also performed in order to optimize the method for a clinical, observer performance study

Published in:

Medical Imaging, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:14 ,  Issue: 3 )

Date of Publication:

Sep 1995

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