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Feature selection in the pattern classification problem of digital chest radiograph segmentation

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3 Author(s)
McNitt-Gray, M.F. ; Dept. of Radiol. Sci., California Univ., Los Angeles, CA, USA ; Huang, H.K. ; Sayre, J.W.

In pattern classification problems, the choice of variables to include in the feature vector is a difficult one. The authors have investigated the use of stepwise discriminant analysis as a feature selection step in the problem of segmenting digital chest radiographs. In this problem, locally calculated features are used to classify pixels into one of several anatomic classes. The feature selection step was used to choose a subset of features which gave performance equivalent to the entire set of candidate features, while utilizing less computational resources. The impact of using the reduced/selected feature set on classifier performance is evaluated for two classifiers: a linear discriminator and a neural network. The results from the reduced/selected feature set were compared to that of the full feature set as well as a randomly selected reduced feature set. The results of the different feature sets were also compared after applying an additional postprocessing step which used a rule-based spatial information heuristic to improve the classification results. This work shows that, in the authors' pattern classification problem, using a feature selection step reduced the number of features used, reduced the processing time requirements, and gave results comparable to the full set of features

Published in:

Medical Imaging, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:14 ,  Issue: 3 )

Date of Publication:

Sep 1995

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