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Out-of-plane motion compensation in multislice spin-echo MRI

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4 Author(s)
Riek, J.K. ; Eastman Kodak Co., Rochester, NY, USA ; Tekalp, A.M. ; Smith, W.E. ; Kwok, E.

In magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), it is well-known that patient motion plays a significant role in the degradation of image quality. Although the case of translational in-plane motion (x-y-motion) has been studied by several researchers, the effect of rigid, translational out-of-plane motion (z-motion) has not yet been completely analyzed due to its more complex nature. Out-of-plane motion introduces blurring along the slice-selection direction in addition to motion artifacts. Here, the authors present a model to represent the effect of out-of-plane motion on multislice MR data. The inversion of this model not only results in the correction of the artifacts due to out-of-plane motion, but also reduces blurring in the slice-selection direction, yielding higher resolution images. Because of the shift-varying nature of the authors' model, they propose to use a nonlinear postprocessing method, projection onto convex sets (POCS), for its inversion, provided that the motion kernel and the slice-selection profile are known. The proposed method has been tested on simulated data and then applied to actual MR data to demonstrate the feasibility of the technique in real imaging situations

Published in:

Medical Imaging, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:14 ,  Issue: 3 )