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Design of ultra-broad-band LiNbO3 optical modulators with ridge structure

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3 Author(s)
Mitomi, O. ; NTT Opto-Electron. Labs., Kanagawa, Japan ; Noguchi, K. ; Miyazawa, H.

This paper describes novel coplanar waveguide (CPW) electrode and asymmetric coplanar strip line (A-CPS) electrode structures, introducing ridged LiNbO3 substrates and thicker electrodes, for ultra-broad-band LiNbO3 optical modulators. The structures are designed here with quasistatic analysis using the finite-element method. Ridged-structures with CPW and A-CPS electrodes are shown to be able to reduce the driving-voltage below that of the conventional planar-type electrodes and are suitable for modulation of exceeding 100 GHz and driving voltage of far less than 4 V under an optical wavelength of 1.55 μm and 50 Ω characteristic-impedance system. The ridge-type CPW can provide a broader bandwidth characteristic with a relatively thinner buffer layer and thinner electrode than the ridge-type A-CPS and is easier to fabricate. The ridge-type LiNbO3 modulators are consequently candidate devices for future ultra-high-speed optical fiber transmission systems

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Microwave Theory and Techniques, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:43 ,  Issue: 9 )